Common Surgical Eye Procedures

by | Jan 18, 2023 | Blog

Common Eye Surgeries
Visual impairment, whether due to the natural deterioration of your eyesight or a medical condition, can be frustrating to deal with. There are various eye surgery options available to help treat conditions affecting your vision and improve your eyesight. 

Cataract Surgery

A cataract is a clouding of the lenses of your eye that may make it seem like you are looking through a fogged-up or frosty window. 

Cataracts are common as we get older, but surgical correction is a quick outpatient procedure that usually takes less than an hour. An eye doctor will remove your eye’s cloudy lens and replace it with an artificial one. As you recover, you may experience blurred vision for the first few days, as well as itchy, sticky, or uncomfortable eyes, but the side effects usually subside within a few days. Most people recover fully within eight weeks. 

Laser Eye Surgery

The two most common types of laser eye surgery are LASIK and PRK. Highly trained specialists perform these procedures, and many patients will see their dependence on prescription glasses greatly reduced or eliminated. 

These surgeries are used to correct refractive errors such as myopia (near-sightedness), hyperopia (far-sightedness), and astigmatism (distorted vision when looking at objects at any distance).

A Photo-Refractive Keratectomy (PRK) is where the surgeon removes the outer layer of the cornea, and then a computer-guided laser is used to vaporize small amounts of tissue under the surface of the cornea – just enough tissue to reshape the cornea and correct vision problems. The initial healing time is usually not more than a week. 

LASIK surgery (Laser-Assisted in situ Keratomileusis) is more complicated and is used to make an even more precise correction to your vision. The surgeon will cut a flap in your cornea and lift it before using a computer-guided laser to remove calculated amounts of tissue from the cornea’s inside layers. The healing for LASIK is usually faster than PRK healing.  

Glaucoma Surgery

Glaucoma is usually caused by a buildup of pressure in the eye, typically resulting from damage to the optic nerve. 

Laser surgery for glaucoma is an outpatient procedure with a relatively quick healing time. You may feel some initial discomfort or blurred vision, but you should be able to resume your normal activities the next day. 

Alternatively, with glaucoma implants, your doctor inserts a tiny tube (shunt) into the white of your eye to drain excess fluid and reduce pressure buildup. This is also an outpatient procedure, but it usually takes about a week before you get back to normal. 

Having regular eye exams will help you detect issues with your eyes you may not even be aware of. A timely diagnosis of eye conditions such as glaucoma and cataracts, for example, can help prevent irreparable damage to the eyes. Book your eye exam online or contact 3 For 1 Glasses today

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